Removals refer to the test – called the Removal Examination – that University of the Philippines (UP) students take when a grade of 4 is obtained in any subject. A grade of 4 in UP is considered a conditional failure which means that it will not immediately be reflected in the transcript of records as a failing grade.
The Removal Examination is exclusively a "pass or fail" examination. If the students pass, the 4 will become 3, whether students obtained a perfect score or just obtained a passing score in the examination. Those who pass no longer have to retake the subject/s. However, if the students fail in the Removals, the 4 will become 5 and will already be reflected in the transcript of records.
Students also have the option not to take the Removals and repeat the subject instead. However, the 4 will be retained, will already be considered a failing grade, and will be reflected in the transcript of records.
Students who obtained a grade of 4 have one academic year to take the Removals. If after that period and the students were not able to take the Removals, they have to automatically retake the subject/s, the 4 will be considered a failing grade, and it will be reflected in the transcript of records.