List of Philippine Laws on Women
From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
- Republic Act No. 6949 - "An Act to Declare March Eight of Every Year as a Working Special Holiday to be Known as National Women's Day"
- Presidential Decree No. 633 - "Creating a National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women" (NCRFW)
- Republic Act No. 7192 - "An Act Promoting the Integration of Women as Full and Equal Partners of Men in Development and Nation Building and for Other Purposes"
- Commonwealth Act No. 647 - "An Act to Grant Maternity Leave to Married Women Who Are in the Service of the Government or of Any of Its Instrumentalities"
- Presidential Decree No. 148 - "Amending Further Certain Sections of Republic Act Numbered Six Hundred Seventy-Nine as Amended, Commonly Known as The Woman and Child Labor Law"
- Republic Act No. 1564 - "An Act Granting Maternity Leave to Women in Government Service Under Temporary Appointments Who Have Rendered Less Than Two Years of Service, by Amending Commonwealth Act Numbered Six Hundred and Forty-Seven as Amended"
- Republic Act No. 2714 - "An Act to Establish in the Department of Labor a Bureau to be Known as Women and Minors Bureau"
- Republic Act No. 6237 - "An Act Further Amending Republic Act Numbered Six Hundred Seventy-Nine, as Amended by Republic Act Numbered Eleven Hundred Thirty-One (re: Woman and Child Labor Law)"
- Republic Act No. 6657 - "An Act Instituting a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program to Promote Social Justice and Industrialization Providing the Mechanism for Its Implementation, and for Other Purposes" - This act guarantees and assures equal rights to land ownership, equal share on farm produce and representation in advisory or appropriate decision-making bodies to qualified women.
- Republic Act No. 6725 - "An Act Strengthening the Prohibition on Discrimination Against Women With Respect to Terms and Conditions of Employment, Amending for the Purpose Article One Hundred Thirty-Five of the Labor Code, as Amended" - This act strengthens the prohibition of discrimination against women in employment, promotion and training opportunities.
- Republic Act No. 7322 - "An Act Increasing Maternity Benefits in Favor of Women Workers in the Private Sector, Amending for the Purpose Section 14-A of Republic Act No. 1161, as Amended, and for Other Purposes" - This Act increases maternity benefits of women workers in the private sector from a 45-day to 60-day benefit equivalent.
- Republic Act No. 7882 - "An Act Providing Assistance to Women Engaging in Micro and Cottage Business Enterprises, and for Other Purposes" - This provides assistance to women, particularly those who own small businesses and those who have proven themselves to have good track records in their respective businesses, in order to fully harness the talents and skills of our female labor force.
- Republic Act No. 8042 - "An Act to Institute the Policies of Overseas Employment and Establish a Higher Standard of Protection and Promotion of the Welfare of Migrant Workers, Their Families and Overseas Filipinos in Distress, and Other Purposes" - This Act authorizes the granting of small loans to women for the purchase of necessary tools or equipment for the businesses of their choice, and provides free technical training under the National Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC), now TESDA.
- Republic Act No. 8187 - "An Act Granting Paternity Leave of Seven (7) Days With Full Pay to All Married Employees in the Private and Public Sectors for the First Four (4) Deliveries of the Legitimate Spouse With Whom He is Cohabiting and for Other Purposes" (Also known as the Paternity Leave Act of 1996) - This Act allows every married male employee in the private and public sectors to not work for seven days but continue to earn compensation on the condition that his legitimate spouse has delivered a child or suffered a miscarriage, for purposes of enabling him to effectively lend support to his wife in her period of recovery and/or in the nursing of the newly-born child.
- Act No. 3753 - "Law on Registry of Civil Status"
- Executive Order No. 209 - "The Family Code of the Philippines"
- Presidential Decree No. 1083 - "A Decree to Ordain and Promulgate a Code Recognizing the System of Filipino Muslim Laws, Codifying Muslim Personal Laws, and Providing for Its Administration and for Other Purposes"
- Republic Act No. 8171 - "An Act Providing for the Repatriation of Filipino Women Who Have Lost Their Philippine Citizenship by Marriage to Aliens and of Natural-Born Filipinos"
- Republic Act No. 8369 - "An Act Establishing Family Courts, Granting them Exclusive Original Jurisdiction over Child and Family Cases, Amending Batas Pambansa Blg. 129, as amended, Otherwise Known as the Judiciary Reorganization Act of 1980, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for other Purposes"
- Republic Act No. 8972 - "An Act Providing for Benefits and Privileges to Solo Parents and their Children, Appropriating Funds Therefor and for Other Purposes" (Also known as Solo Parents Welfare Act of 2000)
- Act No. 4112 - "An Act to Amend Section Four Hundred and Thirty-One of the Administrative Code, As Amended, By Granting the Right of Suffrage to the Women and Making Them Eligible to All Public Offices, and for Other Purposes"
- Commonwealth Act No. 625 - "An Act Providing the Manner in Which the Option to Elect Philippine Citizenship Shall Be Declared by a Person Whose Mother is a Filipino Citizen"
- Republic Act No. 7160 - "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991" - The Local Government Code has been amended to provide seats for women in all of the 1,600 local legislative assemblies nationwide.
- Republic Act No. 7941 - "An Act Providing for the Election of Party-List Representatives Through the Party-List System, and Appropriating Funds Therefor" - Provides for the election of party-list representatives through the party-list system and the inclusion of women in the sectoral party list.
- Republic Act No. 3835 - "An Act to Establish the Women's Auxiliary Corps in the Armed Forces of the Philippines, to Provide the Procurement of its Officers and Enlisted Personnel, and for Other Purposes (As Amended by PD 1043)"
Health and Social Welfare
- Republic Act No. 6955 - "An Act to Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on Mail-Order Basis and other Similar Practices, Including the Advertisement, Publication, Printing or Distribution of Brochures, Fliers and Other Propaganda Materials in Furtherance Thereof and Providing Penalty Therefor"
- Republic Act No. 6972 - "An Act Establishing a Day Care Center in Every Barangay, Instituting Therein a Total Development and Protection of Children Program, Appropriating Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes" (Also known as the "Barangay-Level Total Development and Protection of Children Act") - This Act establishes day care centers in every barangay to free women for other activities such as taking a job or going back to school.
- Republic Act No. 7305 - "The Magna Carta of Public Health Workers" - This grants additional benefits to public health workers, the majority of whom are women. It also allows public health worker couples to be employed or assigned in the same municipality, thereby ensuring that married female public health workers are not forced to choose between family and career.
- Republic Act No. 7600 - "An Act Providing Incentives to All Government and Private Health Institutions With Rooming-In and Breastfeeding Practices and for Other Purposes" (Also known as "The Rooming-in and Breastfeeding Act of 1992") - This Act provides an environment where basic physical, emotional, and psychological needs of mothers and infants immediately after birth are fulfilled through the practice of rooming-in and breastfeeding.
- Republic Act No. 7688 - "An Act Giving Representation to Women in the Social Security Commission, Amending for the Purpose Section 3(a) of Republic Act No. 1161, As Amended" - This Act gives representation to women in the Social Security Commission.
- Republic Act No. 7875 - "An Act Instituting a National Health Insurance Program for All Filipinos and Establishing the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation for the Purpose" - The NHI Law establishes the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (PhilHealth) and also aims to improve the implementation and coverage of the old Medicare program by including the self-employed and the poor who cannot otherwise avail of health insurance. This law sets priority for the needs of the underprivileged, sick, elderly, disabled, women, and children.
- Republic Act No. 7884 - "An Act Creating the National Dairy Authority to Accelerate the Development of the Dairy Industry in the Philippines, Providing for a Dairy Development Fund, and for Other Purposes" (Also known as the "National Dairy Development Act of 1995") - This Act encourages the participation of women’s groups in dairy and dairy-related projects including dairy animal health care, village nutrition schemes, community-based processing and marketing of milk and dairy products.
- Republic Act No. 8353 - "An Act Expanding the Definition of the Crime of Rape, Reclassifying the Same as a Crime Against Persons, Amending for the Purpose Act No. 3815, as Amended, Otherwise Known as the Revised Penal Code, and for Other Purposes" (Also known as the "Anti-Rape Law of 1997") - This reclassifies rape from a "crime against chastity" to a "crime against persons."
- Republic Act No. 8505 - "An Act Providing Assistance and Protection for Rape Victims, Establishing for the Purpose a Rape Crisis Center in Every Province and City, Authorizing the Appropriation of Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes" (Also known as "Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998")
- Republic Act No. 8551 - "An Act Providing for the Reform and Reorganization of the Philippine National Police and for Other Purposes, Amending Certain Provisions of Republic Act Numbered Sixty-Nine Hundred and Seventy-Five Entitled, 'An Act Establishing the Philippine National Police Under a Re-Organized Department of the Interior and Local Government, and for Other Purposes'" (Also known as the "Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998")
- Republic Act No. 9208 - "An Act to Institute Policies to Eliminate the Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Minors, Establishing the Necessary Institutional Mechanism for the Protection and Support of Trafficked Persons, Providing Penalties for its Violations, and Other Purposes" (Also known as the "Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003")
- Republic Act No. 9262 - "An Act Defining Violence Against Women and Their Children, Providing for Protective Measures for Victims, Prescribing Penalties Therefor and for Other Purposes" (Also known as "Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act of 2004'")
- National Commission on the Role of Women website
- Laws on Women: A compilation. Volume II. Manila: National Commission on the Role of Filipino Women, 2000.
- To learn more about the Philippine legal system, visit the Philippine Legal Database of Filipiniana.net Digital Library.
- For more information about Filipino Women, visit the Philippine Women's Studies of Filipiniana.net Digital Library.