Juan de Salcedo

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Juan de Salcedo (1549– March 11, 1576) was a Spanish commander and soldier. He was known as the last of the conquistadors.

Born in Mexico in 1549, Salcedo was the second eldest grandson (son of a child)|grandson of Miguel López de Legazpi. He joined Legazpi and brother Felipe de Salcedo 1564 for the conquest of the Philippines at the age of 15, arriving in the East Indies in 1565. In 1569, Salcedo led an army of 300 soldiers along with Martín de Goiti for the conquest of Manila. There they fought a number of battles against the Muslim rulers and destroyed its kingdom in 1570 and 1571.

Salcedo later explored the northern regions of the Philippines with a small force of 45 soldiers in the late periods of 1571, where he traveled most of Ilocos Sur and Luzon island and founded several Spanish Cities.

In 1574, Salcedo went back to the city of Manila, after a war had broken out against 3,000 Chinese Pirates and warriors who had besieged the settlements. Salcedo and his army of 600 soldiers re-captured the city later that year and followed the retreating Chinese army to Pangasinan in 1575. There, he and his forces burned and killed Limahon|Lim ah hong and Lim ah hong's warriors.

Salcedo later went back to Vigan, where he died of a malignant fever in his home, at the age of 27. His body is laid to rest at the San Agustin Church in Intramuros.

References

  • "Relation of the voyage to Luzon." In The Philippine Islands, 1493-1898, translated from the originals, edited and annotated by Emma Helen Blair and James Alexander Robertson. Cleveland, Ohio: A.H. Clark Company, 1903-9. Vol. 3, 1569-1576. Pp. 73.
  • Morga , Antonio de. (2004). The Project Gutenberg Edition Book : History of the Philippine Islands - 1521 to the beginning of the XVII century. Volume 1 and 2.
  • Legazpi, Don Miguel López de. (1564 - 1572). Cartas al Rey Don Felipe II : sobre la expedicion, conquistas y progresos de las islas Felipinas. Sevilla, España.

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