Cities of the Philippines

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A city (lungsod, sometimes siyudad, in Filipino and Tagalog) is a tier of local government in the Philippines. Cities are in the same hierarchical level as municipalities, but under the Local Government Code of 1991, cities are given special treatment in terms of bigger share from the internal revenue allotment (IRA) which forms part of the city's budget. Cities, like municipalities, are composed of barangays and are governed by elective officials such as Mayor as Local Chief Executive, Vice-Mayor, and councilors as well as appointive officials heading the different local offices under them.

A number of cities in the country act independently from any province and are self-governing as decreed by Philippine Law through an Act of Congress. They are classified as chartered cities. They have their own Representatives in the Congress. Examples of these are Davao City, Valenzuela City, San Jose del Monte City and Zamboanga City. A significant proportion of these chartered cities are also classified as HUCs, or Highly Urbanized Cities. Manila, Quezon City, and Davao City are examples of these cities. The second type of cities are component cities, which are part of a province and are thus governed as part of the latter. They do not have autonomy or representation in the Philippine Congress, as Chartered Cities do. They depend on their provincial government for support and representation. Examples are Tarlac City in Tarlac province, and Palayan City, in Nueva Ecija province, and Pagadian City in Zamboanga del Sur province. There are, however, some component cities that are somewhat independent, like Ormoc City in Leyte.

Quezon City, in Metro Manila is the most populous city in the Philippines with over 2,000,000 residents. Davao City, is one of the largest cities in the world in terms of land area, occupying more than 2,500 square kilometers.

There are two metropolitan areas in the Philippines. Metro Manila is the largest conurbation or urban agglomeration in the country. It is composed of the city of Manila plus 16 neighboring cities and municipalities. The second is Metro Cebu in Cebu Province. It is centered on Cebu City, the provincial capital plus 12 surrounding cities and municipalities.



City classification

Highly Urbanized Cities - Cities with a minimum population of two hundred thousand (200,000) inhabitants, as certified by the National Statistics Office, and with the latest annual income of at least Fifty Million Pesos (P50,000,000.00) based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer.

Chartered Cities - Cities that have been created by an Act of Congress and are run as an independent government with the Mayor as its Chief Executive, a Vice-Mayor, City Council, one Congressional District and Representative per every 250,000 population count, a Police force, a common seal, and the power to take, purchase, receive, hold, lease, convey, and disposes of real and personal property for the general interests of the City, condemn private property for public use (eminent domain), contract and be contracted with, sue and exercise all the powers conferred to it by Congress.

Independent Component Cities - Cities whose charters prohibit their voters from voting for provincial elective officials. Independent component cities shall be independent of the province.

Component Cities - Cities which do not meet the above requirements shall be considered component cities of the province in which they are geographically located. If a component city is located within the boundaries of two (2) or more provinces, such city shall be considered a component of the province of which it used to be a municipality.

Definitions taken from National Statistical Coordination Board.

Income classification

Cities are classified according to average annual income based on the previous 3 calendar years. [1]

  • 1st class - P300 million or more
  • 2nd class - P240 million or more but less than P300 million
  • 3rd class - P180 million or more but less than P240 million
  • 4th class - P120 million or more but less than P180 million
  • 5th class - P60 million or more but less than P120 million
  • 6th class - Below P 60 million

League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP)

The League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) is a non-profit organization and is not a government agency. It has a membership of 117 cities and was founded in 1988. The organization was formed to help coordinate efforts to improve governance and local autonomy and to tackle issues such as preserving the environment and improving public works..

List of Cities

As of December 2006, there are 118 cities in the Philippines.

Note: For statistical purposes, independent cities are listed under the province to which they are most closely associated with, such as Baguio City in Benguet, Zamboanga City in Zamboanga del Sur, and Davao City in Davao del Sur.

Largest cities

The following is a list of the twelve largest cities in the country in terms of population, ordered according to their 2000 census population.

Rank City Population
(2000 census)
(2005 estimate)
1. Quezon City 2,173,831 2,260,160
2. Manila 1,581,082 1,454,558
3. Caloocan City 1,177,604 1,352,132
4. Davao City 1,147,116 1,325,355
5. Cebu City 718,821 815,716
6. Zamboanga City 601,794 700,078
7. Pasig City 505,058 538,458
8. Valenzuela City 485,433 517,535
9. Las Piñas City 472,780 504,045
10. Antipolo City 470,866 566,712
11. Taguig City 467,375 498,283
12. Cagayan de Oro City 461,877 563,114

Independent Cities

Region of Metro Manila

Metro Manila

By province

Agusan del Norte
Camarines Sur
Davao del Norte
Davao del Sur
Ilocos Norte
Ilocos Sur
La Union
Lanao del Norte
Lanao del Sur
Misamis Occidental
Misamis Oriental
Negros Occidental
Negros Oriental
Nueva Ecija
Oriental Mindoro
South Cotabato
Southern Leyte
Sultan Kudarat
Surigao del Norte
Surigao del Sur
Zamboanga del Norte
Zamboanga del Sur


a. ^  Highly urbanized city (independent of province)
b. ^  Chartered city (has its own representative in Congress)
c. ^  Independent component city


See also

External links

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Original Source

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